giovedì, febbraio 22, 2007

Il conflitto con l'Islam è inevitabile?

Cari amici,

vi propongo un interessantissimo sondaggio condotto dalla BBC in diversi Paesi per rilevare quanto sia diffuso tra la poplazione di Paesi molto diversi tra loro il pensiero secondo cui il conflitto tra Islam e Occidente sia inevitabile.

Dopo un breve commento, trovate tutte le percentuali, che riservano alcune sorprese, ad esempio il fatto che in Libano il 68% degli intervistati ritenga che si possa trovare un terreo comune di dialogo con l'Occidente.

L'Italia sembra essere il Paese dove la propensione al dialogo è più forte, ma soprattutto conforta vedere che il 77 % degli inglesi ritiene che vi siano ancora vie da percorrere per trovare un'intesa pacifica.

Most people believe common ground exists between the West and theIslamic world despite current global tensions, a BBC World Servicepoll suggests.
In a survey of people in 27 countries, an average of 56% said they sawpositive links between the cultures.Yet 28% of respondents told questioners that violent conflict was inevitable.Asked twice about the existing causes of friction, 52% said they werea result of political disputes and 58% said minority groups stokedtensions.Only in one country, Nigeria, where Christian and Muslim groups oftenclash violently, did a majority of those polled (56%) cite religiousand cultural differences between communities as the root cause ofconflict.Doug Miller, president of polling company Globescan, said the resultssuggested that the world was not heading towards an inevitable andwide-ranging "clash of civilisations"."Most people feel this is about political power and interests, notreligion and culture," he said.He pointed to the polarisation of communities in Nigeria as a warningsign to others, but hailed the results from Lebanon, a countryfrequently caught up in conflicts.Some 78% of Lebanese strongly believed West-East tensions werepolitically motivated, while 68% felt common ground could be foundbetween the West and the Islamic world.Minorities blamedThe BBC poll asked approximately 1,000 people in each of 27 countriesthree questions about their interpretation of the world they live in.Most expressed the belief that ongoing clashes could be resolvedwithout violent conflict.Indonesia, home to the world's largest Muslim population, was the onlynation where most people (51%) said violence was inevitable.But the results showed that a significant minority of those polledappeared pessimistic about the future."There is clearly pessimism about the inevitability of events," Mr Miller added."But twice as many people believe common ground can be found. Thereare real opportunities for peacemakers here."The most positive respondents came from Western nations, with 78% ofItalians, 77% of Britons and 73% of Canadians saying it is possible tofind common ground.Many blamed intolerant minorities for fuelling disputes and disagreements.Some 39% of all respondents said minorities on both sides were to blame.Just 12% said mainly Muslim minorities were to blame, and only 7%pointed the finger at Western fringe groups.


(dei due valori espresi accanto ad ogni Paese, il primo indica la percetuale degli intervistati che ritiene si possa trovare un "terreno comune" tra Islam e Occidente, mentre la seconda indica coloro che ritengono "un conflitto inevitabile")

France: 69% - 23%

Germany: 49% - 39%

Great Britain: 77% - 15%

India: 35% - 24%

Indonesia: 40% - 51%

Italy: 78% - 14%

Kenya: 46% - 35%

Lebanon: 68% - 26%

Nigeria: 53% - 37%

Russia: 49% - 23%

Turkey: 49% - 29%

US: 64% - 31%

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